Pengertian, Generic Structure, dan Contoh Narrative Text – Narrative text merupakan salah satu jenis teks bahasa Inggris yang sering kita temui. Berikut ini terdapat penjelasan singkat mengenai apa itu narrative text, generic struture, serta contohnya.
Narrative text adalah jenis teks yang memiliki masalah di dalamnya. Dalam cerita tersebut, masalah tersebut dicoba untuk dipecahkan atau dicarikan jalan keluarnya. Tujuan dari narrative text adalah untuk menghibur pembaca. Selain itu, narrative text juga dapat menstimulasi dan mengembangkan imajinasi pembaca. Narrative text memiliki banyak tipe, antara lain cerita dongeng, misteri, cerita hewan, science fiction, romansa, petualangan, mitos, legenda, narasi sejarah, dan lain-lain. Narrative text bisa dalam bentuk cerita nyata (non fiksi) atau cerita karangan (fiksi).
1. Orientation: Pembukaan dalam narrative text yang menceritakan tokoh-tokoh yang berperan, dimana, dan kapan cerita tersebut terjadi.
2. Complication: Pada bagian ini, permasalahan dalam cerita mulai muncul hingga menuju pada klimaksnya. Biasanya konflik yang terjadi melibatkan tokoh utamanya.
3. Resolution: Pada bagian ini, masalah yang terjadi diselesaikan, baik dengan akhir yang bahagia maupun sedih.
4. Re-orientation/Coda: Bagian ini boleh ditulis, boleh juga tidak. Coda berisikan kalimat penutup cerita, seperti nilai moral, nasehat, atau pesan dari sang penulis.
Contoh Narrative Text
Cat and Dog
Long time ago, there were a cat and dog which became friends for years. They protected each other. The cat was very cute and beautiful. The dog was big and fierce. However, the dog never barked to the cat. He kept the cat warm. He shared his foods. He protected the cat when she was sleeping. They had a very sweet friendship ever.
One day, the dog went somewhere without knowing of the cat. The dog was looking for something but he forgot to inform the cat. He went alone. In the evening, there was a storm and made the cat wet. She felt cold and got fever. But, the dog didn’t appear. The cat seemed very sad. She had no idea about the dog. She was angry a little for not being informed.
Two days later, the dog appeared. He came with another dog. The dog was pretty. Even she is prettier than the cat. They met coincidentally when the male dog looked for a present that he would give to the cat. When the cat saw the female dog, the cat was not friendly. She thought that the dog left her for the female dog. The male dog tried to introduce them each other. However, the cat refused it. She left those two dogs. The male dog was confused. He chased her. But, she scratched him by her nails. The dog asked for explanation but the cat just kept silent. The dog was disappointed. The cat left the dog. From that moment, the dog promised that he would never be a friend of cat anymore. After that, the male and female dog lived together. They fell in love and had some baby dogs. They lived happily and never saw the cat for a long time.
The cat which left the dog wandered alone to cure her heart. In her journey, she met a male cat. He protected her but she knew that it would never be same as what the dog did. She tried to forget the dog and brand new life with the male cat. They also never met the dogs. However, if only the cat knew the reason why the dog went and left her that day, she would regret it forever.