Materi Tenses: Simple Past Tense

Materi Tenses: Simple Past Tense – Simple past tense digunakan untuk membicarakan tentang peristiwa/kegiatan yang telah terjadi di masa lampu. Durasi bukanlah fokusnya. Keterangan waktunya adalah masa lampau. ‘Satu detik yang lalu’ juga termasuk waktu lampau.

Pola dan contoh kalimat verbal dalam simple past tense:

No. Jenis kalimat Pola Contoh Kalimat
1. Affirmative Subject + Verb 2 + Object. I/You/They/We called the apartment electricity service last week.

She/he/it called the apartment electricity service last week.

2. Negative Subject + did not + Verb 2 +Object. I/You/They/We did not call the apartment electricity service last week.

She/he/it did not call the apartment electricity service last week.

3. Interogative Did+ Subject+ Verb 1+ Object+ ? Did I/You/They/We call the apartment electricity service last week?

Did She/he/it call the apartment electricity service last week?

Pola dan contoh kalimat nominal dalam simple present tense:

No. Jenis kalimat Pola Contoh Kalimat
1. Affirmative Subject + was/were + complement.

Was à I, she, he, it (tunggal)

Were à they, you, we (jamak)

You/They/We were employees three years ago.

I/She/he/it was employees three years ago.

2. Negative Subject + was/were + not + complement. You/They/We were not employees three years ago.

I/She/he/it was not employees three years ago.

3. Interogative Was/were + Subject + complement +? Were you/they/we employees three years ago?

Was I/she/he/it employees three years ago?

Ekspresi waktu dalam simple present tense

• …..seconds/minutes/hours/days/months/years ago.
• Last day/month/year.
• Yesterday
• This morning (apabila mengucapkannya sudah di siang atau malam hari sehingga pagi hari dianggap waktu lampau.)
• In 1998 (apabila waktu yang dimaksud telah berlalu)
• In May (apabila waktu yang dimaksud telah berlalu)
• At 2 p.m. (apabila waktu yang dimaksud telah berlalu)

Berikut ini adalah contoh kalimat past continuous tense berdasarkan fungsi/kegunaanya:

1. Kegiatan/peristiwa di masa lampau.

Terkadang pembicara tidak menggunakan keterangan waktu yang spesifik atau tidak menyebutkannya, namun dari bentuk verb yang digunakan kita dapat mengetahui bahwa apa yang disampaikan sudah terjadi di masa lampau.

Contoh:
• I sang Adele’s song in front of many people in my cousin’s birthday party.
• Sherly forgot to pick up her daughter at school.
• Last time, Pio sent his regard for you.
• Yesterday, Kylie and Kim went to a beauty salon together.
• Did Ari say something when he was here?
• Our grandparents visited us last week.
• Mono didn’t take a bath this morning.

2. Kebiasaan di masa lampau.

Kalimat simple past tense juga bias digunakan untuk menceritakan tentang kebiasaan kita di masa lampau. Dengan kata lain, kita sering melakukannya dulu, namun sekarang sudah tidak kita lakukan. Biasanya kalimat tersebut menggunakan frase “used to.” Atau, untuk memperjelas bahwa yang sedang dibicarakan adalah kebiasaan di masa lampau, kita bisa menambahkan klausa sebagai keterangan seperti “when I was a baby, when they were with us, when my sister was a teenager” dan lain-lain.

Contoh:

• I used to play guitar in the evening.
• They believed in myth when they were young.
• Did you learn Arabic when you were 4 years old?
• My father used to workout in the morning.
• Valdo used to cook porridge for breakfast.

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