Materi Tenses: Past Perfect Continuous

Materi Tenses: Past Perfect Continuous – Past Perfect Continuous mengindikasikan aksi yang terjadi dan masih berlanjut dan kemudian selesai di masa lampau atau untuk membicarakan aksi/situasi yang sedang terjadi sebelum datangnya aksi lain.

Pola dan contoh kalimat verbal dalam simple present tense:

No. Jenis kalimat Pola Contoh Kalimat
1. Affirmative Subject + had + been + Ving + Object.

 

I/You/They/We had been waiting for the new regulations from the government when the situation was confusing

 

She/he/it had been waiting for the new regulations from the government when the situation was confusing.

2. Negative Subject + had + not + been + Ving + Object.

 

I/You/They/We had not been finishing our project when  the government made a new regulation.

 

She/he/it had not been finishing our project when  the government made a new regulation.

3. Interogative Had+ subject+ been + Ving + Object + ? Had I/You/They/We been finishing our project when the government made a new regulation?

 

Had She/he/it been finishing our project when the government made a new regulation?

Catatan:

Tidak terdapat kalimat nominal dalam past perfect continuous tense. Selain itu, past perfect continuous tense bisa digabungkan dengan kalimat simple past tense sehingga mereka menjadi kalimat majemuk. Contohnya seperti dibawah ini:

• The frozen food company had been producing a ton of chicken fillet for a week when we ordered a hundred packs of it.
• I had been studying for my final exam for three hours when my sister asked me to pick her up at school.

Kalimat simple past tense tersebut memberikan indikasi peristiwa yang menginterupsi kejadian yang sedang berlangsung yang mana diekspresikan melalui past perfect continuous tense.

Berikut ini adalah contoh kalimat past continuous tense berdasarkan fungsi/kegunaanya:

1. Menunjukan durasi waktu peristiwa yang sedang terjadi dan kemudian selesai di masa lampau.

Contoh:

• We had been eating pizza since an hour ago when our parents came.
• Cindy had been teaching for three years at a famous tourism school before she moved to Chicago.
• How long had my mother been talking to you when I was in the office?
• They had been trying to draw the conclusion of the case for a day when the police called them to meet.
• Lili dan Cahya had been thinking of running away when a kind man came to save them.

2. Menunjukkan penyebab dan efek di masa lampau.

Contoh:

• Elea was hungry because she had been driving from Jakarta to Bandung without taking a rest for three hours.
• Hans lost weight since he had been working too hard for a month.
• Sandy took TOEFL test for the second time because she had not been doing well in the previous one.
• My nephew had been crying a lot because his parents went abroad for business trip for three days.

Past Continuous vs. Past Perfect Continuous

Ketika durasi waktu seperti “for two hours,” “for a week” atau “since May,” tidak dicantumkan, para penutur asli bahasa Inggris lebih memilih untuk menggunakan past continuous tense. Sebagai pengingat bahwa past continuous menekankan pada aksi yang terinterupsi, sementara past perfect continuous tense menekankan pada durasi waktu suatu kegiatan yang terjadi sebelum kegiatan lainnya di masa lampau. Perhatikan contoh di bawah ini:

• Luna was happy because she was cooking the pumpkin soup well. (Kalimat ini menekankan pada perasaan ‘happy’ subjek. Bukan pada penyebabnya ataupun durasinya.
• Luna was happy because she had been finishing her painting for thirty minutes. (Kalimat ini menekankan pada durasi dan penyebab perasaan ‘happy’. Kegiatan tersebut bisa saja berlangsung pada saat itu, atau baru saja selesai.

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