Definisi Countable & Uncountable Noun Serta Penjelasan Lengkap

Definisi Countable & Uncountable Noun Serta Penjelasan Lengkap

1. Countable Nouns

Countable nouns adalah kata beda yang bisa dihitung dengan angka. Ia memiliki bentuk tunggal dan jamak. Bentuk tunggal dalam countable noun bias menggunakan ‘a’ dan ‘an’. Perhatikan contoh dalam tabel.

Bentuk tunggal (singular)                       Bentuk jamak (plural)
One pen Two pens
One book Three books
One house Four houses
One chair Five chairs
One desk Six desks
One rabbit Seven rabbits

Contoh kalimat:

• There is one book on my desk.
• Vini gave me a cute rabbit last night.
• We use ten colour pens to make the calligraphy.
• Raffi Ahmad has three big houses in Bandung.
• Peter and Kay have booked two plane tickets to Bali for their holiday.
• Our family loves dog very much. We have twelve dogs in our house.
• Why do you buy only an apple?

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2. Uncountable Nouns

Uncountable nouns are adalah kata benda yang tidak bisa dihitung dalam satuan unit atau individu sehingga ia tidak memiliki bentuk jamak, contohnya seperti benda abstrak, ide, atau benda fisik yang satuan unit nya sangat kecil/tidak memiliki bentuk seperti gas, water, salt, sugar, dan lain-lain, sehingga uncountable nouns digunakan bersama kata kerja tunggal (singular verb). Kita juga tidak bisa menggunakan a/an pada uncountable noun. Untuk memberikan informasi tentang jumah uncountable noun kita perlu menggunakan satuan atau quantifiers seperti some, a lot of, a great deal of, a small amount of, a large amount of, a cup of, a glass of, a kilogram of, dan lain-lain.

Yang termasuk dalam kategori uncountable noun ada sebagai berikut:

Tipe Kata benda
Liquid and gases Water

coffee

milk

air

oxygen

Solid and Granular Substances Wood

metal

cheese

sand

rice

Energy Words and Forces Electricity

sunshine

radiation

heat

magnetism

Subjects

French

chemistry

economics

science

math

Grouped Concepts Fruit

money

food

vocabulary

news

Information and Abstract Concepts information

advice

education

democracy

intelligence

Contoh kalimat:

• Old men like to give advice to young men.
Coffee is a great escape of a long and tiring day.
• I have studied economics for six years.
• My nephew drinks milk everyday since he is still a baby under six months old.
• I think I need oxygen. I can’t breathe well.
• I love Bandung since it has fresh air.
• The spoon is made of metal.
French is a difficult language to learn.
• I heard good news about Indonesia that our athlete got gold medal in China.
• The government support the democracy to lead into social justice.
• I get information from the office that Henna has resigned.
• We should not add much salt in the egg.
• Consuming much sugar is not good for our teeth.
• My grandfather has a few grey hairs now. (sekelompok rambut)
• I saw a hair in your glass! (sehelai rambut)

3. Bentuk Jamak Uncountable Noun:

Kita bisa menggunakan uncountable noun dalam bentuk plural. Sebagian besar adalah benda cair atau substance. Biasanya memberi makna dari “cups of”, “bottles of” or “types of”.

Contoh:

• Dena made two coffees. = Cups of coffee
• John brings three waters. = Bottles of water
• My boutique launch a bag with two leathers. = Types of leather